When considering engineering for their education, students or parents often consider only a few sectors like mechanical, computer or electrical engineering. However, the world of engineering has expanded beyond these sectors taking education along with it.
Understanding the new sectors and the opportunities they bring can help students in selecting the course that fits their interests and talents. So, to help students and parents identify and understand the sector we have provided a brief idea of modern engineering sectors and opportunities.
Here are a few courses that you should be aware of:
- Artificial Intelligence: Artificial intelligence is a broad field of computer science concerned with creating intelligent machines capable of performing tasks that usually require human intelligence. Machines can now mimic the human mind's capabilities thanks to artificial intelligence. AI is becoming more prevalent in everyday life, from the development of self-driving cars to the proliferation of intelligent assistants such as Siri and Alexa.
As a result, many technology companies across a wide range of industries are investing in artificially intelligent technologies. AI has numerous applications, ranging from accelerating vaccine development to automating the detection of potential fraud. According to CB Insights, AI private market activity reached a new high in 2021, with global funding increasing 108 percent over the previous year. AI is making waves in various industries due to its rapid adoption.
Data Science: Data science studies vast amounts of data using modern tools and techniques to discover previously unseen patterns, derive meaningful information and make business decisions. To create predictive models, data scientists employ complex machine learning algorithms. The data used for analysis can come from various sources and be presented in multiple formats.
Given the massive amounts of data produced today, data science is an essential part of many industries and is one of the most debated topics in IT circles. Its popularity has grown over time, and businesses have begun using data science techniques to grow and increase customer satisfaction.
Biotechnology: Living cells are used in biotechnology to create or manipulate products for specific purposes, such as genetically modified foods. Thus, biotechnology is linked to genetic engineering and emerged as a field in its own right in the food industry at the beginning of the twentieth century, later joined by other sectors such as medicine and the environment.
Today, modern biotechnology is divided into five branches: human, environmental, industrial, animal, and plant that help us fight hunger and disease, produce more safely, cleanly, and efficiently, reduce our ecological footprint, and save energy.
Civil Engineering: Civil engineering is concerned with the world's infrastructure, which includes waterworks, dams, power plants, railroads, highways, bridges, tunnels, and so on. Construction engineering, irrigation engineering, transportation engineering, soils and foundation engineering, geodetic engineering, hydraulic engineering, and coastal and ocean engineering are all important subfields of this course . Civil engineers are responsible for the world's infrastructure.
They quietly shape the history of nations worldwide in this way. Most people cannot imagine life without civil engineers' numerous contributions to the public's health, safety, and standard of living. Only by investigating civil engineering's role in shaping the world we know today, can we imaginatively imagine the progress of our tomorrow.
Computer & Communication Engineering: Computer and Communication Engineering combines knowledge of computer science (front-end) and electronics (back-end) with a focus on communication. It focuses on all aspects of Internet networking and broadband communication in particular. Computer communications refer to transferring data, instructions, and information between two or more computers or devices via a wired or wireless channel.
We can communicate via text messages, voice, or video, access and exchange information, and conduct business securely thanks to global data networks.
Robotics: A robotics engineer is a behind-the-scenes designer who creates robots and robotic systems that can perform tasks that humans are unable to or prefer not to do. The Roomba, for example, was designed to assist humans with the mundane task of vacuuming floors. Robotics engineers use their creations to make jobs safer, easier, and more efficient.
Unlike other types of engineering, robotics engineering necessitates expertise in a wide range of technical areas, robotics engineers serve as a link between mechanics, electronics, computer science, and cognitive psychology. Robotics engineers spend most of their time designing the plans and processes required to build and operate robots.
The engineering and education industry has come a long way from being focused on only a few specialisations. As technology advances, India is becoming more involved in newer technologies such as semiconductors, robotics, and artificial intelligence.
These technologies offer more research options, and large multinationals are willing to invest in India to access the talent pool. Engineering is brimming with job opportunities and prospects which are in great demand now and in the future.
Environmental pressures and socioeconomic trends will increase the demand for engineers to apply their natural science knowledge to develop new solutions in critical areas such as air and water pollution, recycling, waste management, and green energy in the coming years.
It will aid in the future expansion of engineering. Institutes like Nitte are already ahead of the game by providing education in the fields as mentioned above.